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NASA, Canadian Space Agency To Announce Artemis II Astronauts In April: All You Need To Know

<p><span style="font-weight: 400;">NASA and the Canadian Space Agency (CSA) will announce Artemis II astronauts next month. Four astronauts will orbit the Moon as part of Artemis II.&nbsp;</span></p>
<p><span style="font-weight: 400;">The announcement of Artemis II crew will be made from NASA Johnson Space Center’s Ellington Field in Houston, on April 3, 2023, at 11 am EDT (8:30 pm IST), NASA says on its website.&nbsp;</span></p>
<p><span style="font-weight: 400;">Artemis II is the second leg and the first crewed mission of the Artemis Program. It is also the first crewed flight test of the Artemis Program, and will pave the way to establishing a long-term scientific and human presence on the lunar surface.&nbsp;</span></p>
<p><span style="font-weight: 400;">NASA will air the event on NASA Television, the NASA app, and the agency’s website.&nbsp;</span></p>
<p><strong>All about Artemis II</strong></p>
<p><span style="font-weight: 400;">Artemis II, the first crewed mission aboard NASA’s foundational human deep space capabilities, will be an approximately 10-day mission. NASA’s human deep space capabilities include the Space Launch System (SLS) rocket, the most powerful rocket in the world, the Orion spacecraft, and the ground systems needed to launch SLS and Orion.&nbsp;</span></p>
<p><span style="font-weight: 400;">Artemis II will test and stress the life-support systems of Orion to prove the capabilities and techniques required to live and work in deep space in ways only humans can do.&nbsp;</span></p>
<p><span style="font-weight: 400;">Artemis II crew will include three NASA astronauts and one CSA astronaut. This demonstrates NASA’s commitment to international partnerships through the Artemis Program, the agency says.&nbsp;</span></p>
<p><span style="font-weight: 400;">Artemis I, the first leg of the Artemis Program, successfully launched an uncrewed Orion atop the SLS rocket, on a 1.4 million-mile journey beyond the Moon to test systems before astronauts fly aboard Orion on a mission to the Moon.&nbsp;</span></p>
<p><span style="font-weight: 400;">Artemis II will pave the way for the first woman and first person of colour on the Moon on Artemis III. Based on Artemis I and II, the Artemis Program will return humans to the lunar surface for long-term exploration and future missions to worlds beyond, including Mars.&nbsp;</span></p>
<p><span style="font-weight: 400;">In a NASA statement, Mike Sarafin, Artemis mission manager, said the unique Artemis II mission profile will build upon the uncrewed Artemis I flight test by demonstrating a broad range of SLS and Orion capabilities needed on deep space missions. He added that the mission will prove Orion’s critical life support systems are ready to sustain astronauts on longer duration missions ahead and allow the crew to practise operations essential to the success of Artemis III.&nbsp;</span></p>
<p><span style="font-weight: 400;">Artemis II will launch a crew of four astronauts from Kennedy Space Center aboard the Orion spacecraft atop the SLS rocket. As part of Artemis II, Orion will perform several manoeuvres to raise its orbit around Earth and eventually place the crew on a lunar free return trajectory.</span></p>
<p><span style="font-weight: 400;">This is a trajectory of a spacecraft travelling away from a particular body, say Earth, in which the spacecraft returns to that body without propulsion. In the case of Artemis II, Orion will be naturally pulled back towards home after flying by the Moon, due to Earth’s gravity. Artemis II is planned for launch in May 2024.&nbsp;</span></p>
<p><strong>Artemis III to take humans back to the Moon</strong></p>
<p><span style="font-weight: 400;">Artemis III is the third leg of the Artemis Program. As part of Artemis III, the SLS rocket and Orion spacecraft will carry astronauts into lunar orbit. From there, SpaceX’s Human Lander System (HLS) will ferry astronauts to the Moon’s icy south pole.&nbsp;</span></p>
<p><strong>ALSO READ | <a title="What Will Artemis Astronauts Wear On The Moon? NASA, Axiom Space To Reveal Spacesuit Prototype Soon" href="https://news.abplive.com/science/what-will-artemis-astronauts-wear-on-the-moon-nasa-axiom-space-to-reveal-spacesuit-prototype-soon-1587317" target="_self">What Will Artemis Astronauts Wear On The Moon? NASA, Axiom Space To Reveal Spacesuit Prototype Soon</a></strong></p>
<p><span style="font-weight: 400;">Artemis III will launch no earlier than 2025.</span></p>

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